By: Ken Guggenheim, Associated Press Writer
(AP) As a free-lance photographer, William Biggart traveled the globe shooting the world’s most violent conflicts. But he was killed just a couple of blocks from home, covering the Sept. 11 attacks at the World Trade Center.
On Friday, the names of Biggart and 50 other journalists killed last year were added the Freedom Forum’s Journalists Memorial, the ever-expanding spiral glass tribute to those who have died covering the news.
At a ceremony at the memorial, Biggart’s widow, Wendy Doremus, recalled his passion for working in places like the Gaza Strip and Northern Ireland.
“What was a good day of shooting for Bill most normal people would run from,” she said. “With a press pass around his neck, and the camera bags slung over his shoulder, in the middle of the cross fire, this for Bill was heaven.”
The 51 deaths were almost double the 26 who died in 2000. Among the names added were eight journalists killed in November covering the conflict in Afghanistan, as well as Robert Stevens, a photo editor with the Sun tabloid, who died Oct. 5 after inhaling anthrax that was mailed to an office in Florida.
One name not included yet was Daniel Pearl, the Wall Street Journal reporter who was kidnapped and killed early this year in Pakistan. He will be added next year.
At Friday’s ceremony, the Journal‘s managing editor, Paul E. Steiger, paid tribute to both Pearl and the newspaper’s aviation editor, Jeff Cole, who died Jan. 24, 2001, in a crash of a jet fighter-trainer near Denver.
“In the past year it is undeniable that journalism has become a more dangerous profession, but that has not deterred, will not deter the brave people like those we honor today from their mission of finding and reporting the news,” Steiger said.
Other names added included Kerem Lawton, an Associated Press Television News producer, who died March 29, 2001, during a mortar attack along Kosovo’s border with Macedonia, and Bill Teegins, sports director for KWTV in Oklahoma City, who died in a Jan. 27, 2001, plane crash.
The new names bring to 1,446 the number of journalists on the memorial, dating back to 1812. The Freedom Forum, a foundation dedicated to free speech and free press, adds names in a rededication ceremony every year on May 3, World Press Freedom Day.
The memorial includes journalists who were killed covering wars, natural disasters or violent crimes; who died as a result of injury or illness while covering an assignment, or were killed to silence their work.
International journalism organizations have released different figures on the number of journalists killed last year. The discrepancies are the result of varying criteria, such as in defining who is a journalist and how the death was related to the victim’s work.
Some, for example, don’t include journalists who died in accidents while working. The New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists reported 37 deaths in 2001; Paris-based Reporters Without Borders put the total at 31, and the International Federation of Journalists in Brussels, Belgium, has put the figure at 100 news media workers — 91 journalists and nine support staff.
The memorial is located across the Potomac River from Washington, next to the Newseum journalism museum. The museum has been closed ahead of its move to Washington in 2006, but the memorial remains open.
Here are the 51 names added Friday to the Freedom Forum Journalists Memorial in the Washington suburb of Arlington, Va. All these journalists were killed in 2001. The country in parentheses indicates the nationality of the journalist’s news organization:
AFGHANISTAN: Ulf Stroemberg, TV4 (Sweden), Nov. 27. Harry Burton, Reuters (Britain), Nov. 19. Azizullah Haidari, Reuters (Britain), Nov. 19. Julio Fuentes, El Mundo (Spain), Nov. 19. Maria Grazia Cutuli, Corriere Della Sera (Italy), Nov. 19. Johanne Sutton, Radio France Internationale (France), Nov. 11. Pierre Billaud, RTL Radio (Luxembourg), Nov. 11. Volker Handloik, free lance (Germany), Nov. 11.
ALGERIA: Fadhela Nedjma, Echourouk El Youmi (Algeria), June 14. Adel Zerrouk, Al-Rai (Jordan), June 14.
BANGLADESH: Nohar Ali, Anirban (Bangladesh), found April 20.
BOLIVIA: Juan Carlos Encinas, free lance (Bolivia), July 29.
BRITAIN: Martin O’Hagan, Sunday World (Britain), Sept. 28.
CHINA: Feng Zhaoxia, Gejie Daobao (China), Jan. 15. Zhao Qunli, Phoenix TV (Hong Kong), Sept. 2.
COLOMBIA: Flavio Bedoya, Voz (Colombia), April 27. Jorge Enrique Urbano Sanchez, Mar Estereo radio (Colombia), July 8. Jose Duviel Vasquez Arias, La Voz de la Selva (Colombia), July 6.
COSTA RICA: Parmenio Medina Perez, La Patada (Costa Rica), July 7.
GEORGIA: Georgy Sanaya Rustavi-2 (Georgia), July 26.
GUATEMALA: Jorge Mynor Alegria Armendariz, Radio Amatique (Guatemala), Sept. 5.
HAITI: Brignol Lindor, Radio Echo 2000 (Haiti), Dec. 3.
INDIA: Gopal Bisht, Aaj Tak television (India), Sept. 30. Ranjan Jha, Aaj Tak television (India), Sept. 30. Anju Sharma, Hindustan Times (India), Sept. 30. Sanjiv Sinha, The Indian Express (India), Sept. 30. Moolchand Yadav, free lance, in India, July 30.
KUWAIT: Hidaya Sultan Al-Salem, Al-Majales (Kuwait), found March 20.
LATVIA: Gundars Matiss, Kurzemes Vards (Latvia), attacked Nov. 15, died Nov. 28.
MALI: Massa Kane, ORTM (Mali), Sept. 8. Adama Traore, ORTM (Mali), Sept. 8.
MEXICO: Jose Luis Ortega Mata, Semanario de Ojinaga (Mexico), Feb. 19.
MONGOLIA: Tsevegmid Batzorig, Gamma (Mongolia), Jan. 14. Takahiro Kato, NHK (Japan), Jan. 14. Minoru Masaki, NHK (Japan), Jan. 14.
PARAGUAY: Salvador Medina Velazquez, Nemity radio (Paraguay), Jan. 5.
PHILIPPINES: Candelario Cayona, DXLL (Philippines), May 30. Rolando Ureta, DYKR (Philippines), Jan. 3.
RUSSIA: Eduard Markevich, Novy Reft (Russia), found Sept. 18.
SPAIN: Ruben Cortijo Marin, Euskal Irrati Telebista (Spain), May 21. Inaki Pangua Akasuso, Euskal Irrati Telebista (Spain), May 21.
THAILAND: Kaset Puengpak, Thai Rath (Thailand), May 2. Witayudh Saengsopit, free lance, April 10.
UKRAINE: Ihor Oleksandrov, Tor television (Ukraine), July 7.
UNITED STATES: William Biggart, free lance, Sept. 11. Jeff Cole, The Wall Street Journal (USA), Jan. 24. Robert Stevens, The Sun (USA), Oct. 5. Bill Teegins, Oklahoma State Radio Network (USA), Jan. 27.
UZBEKISTAN: Marc Brunereau, free lance, Sept 5.
YUGOSLAVIA: Kerem Lawton, Associated Press Television News (United States), near the Kosovo-Macedonia border, March 29. Milan Pantic, Vecernje Novosti (Yugoslavia), June 11.