By: E&P Staff and The Associated Press
Until recent years, images of civilian casualties in wars often took days to appear in newspapers, but now they can be captured and transmitted around the world to newspaper Web sites, where they are posted immediately, adding to the shock value that sketchy words by reporters often cannot capture. This happened again Sunday morning in the case of the Israeli air strike on the Lebanese village of Qana that left dozens dead, reportedly at least half of them children sleeping in their beds overnight.
The photos, taken by The Associated Press, Reuters, and others, showed bodies in the rubble, or being taken away; survivors digging or wailing; and in Beirut an immediate protest at United Nations building, with windows smashed.
The New York Times and some other papers produced photo galleries. The Washington Post gallery warned at its entrance of possibly “disturbing” images to come. Actually, they weren’t that graphic until the final one — which showed victims in a morgue wrapped in semi-clear plastic.
It was the deadliest attack in 19 days of fighting, in the same place as an Israeli air strike that killed over 100 civilians 10 years ago, which produced an international outcry leading to the end of the Israeli operation.
Today, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice postponed a visit to Lebanon in a setback for diplomatic efforts to end hostilities. Israel later called a tentative 48-hour halt in bombing in the area.
Infuriated Lebanese officials said they had asked Rice to postpone the visit after Israel’s missile strike. But Rice said she called Lebanese Prime Minister Fuad Saniora to say she would postpone the trip, and that she had work to do in Jerusalem to end the fighting.
The missiles destroyed several homes in the village of Qana as people were sleeping. Rescue officials said at least 55 people were killed, and the bodies of 37 children were already found in the rubble. The numbers were expected to rise today. Photos and TV images captured images of rescuers pull one child after another out of the wreckage.
Israeli said it targeted Qana because it was a base for hundreds of rockets launched at Israeli, including 40 that injured five Israelis on Sunday. Israel said it had warned civilians several days before to leave the village. Journalists at the scene reported that no Hezbollah equipment had yet been uncovered.
Rescuers aided by villagers dug through the rubble by hand. At least 20 bodies wrapped in white sheets were taken away, including 10 children. A row of houses lay in ruins, and an old woman was carried away on a plastic chair.
Villagers said many of the dead were from four families who had taken refuge in on the ground floor of a three-story building, believing they would be safe from bombings.
”We want this to stop!” shouted Mohammed Ismail, a middle-aged man pulling away at the rubble in search for bodies, his brown pants covered in dust. ”May God have mercy on the children. They came here to escape the fighting.”
”They are hitting children to bring the fighters to their knees,” he said.
Rice said she was ”deeply saddened by the terrible loss of innocent life” in Israel’s attack. But she did not call for an immediate cease-fire in the fighting between Israel and Hezbollah militias.
”We all recognize this kind of warfare is extremely difficult,” Rice said, noting it comes in areas where civilians live. ”It unfortunately has awful consequences sometimes.”
”We want a cease-fire as soon as possible,” she added.
The United States and Israel are pressing for a settlement that addresses enduring issues between Lebanon and Israel and disables Hezbollah — not the quick truce favored by most world leaders.
Saniora said Lebanon would be open only to an immediate cease-fire.
”There is no place at this sad moment for any discussions other than an immediate and unconditional cease-fire as well as international investigation of the Israeli massacres in Lebanon now,” he told reporters Sunday.
Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert said Israel would not rush into a cease-fire until it achieved its goal of decimating Hezbollah, whose July 12 capture of two Israel soldiers provoked the fighting.
More than 5,000 people protested in central Beirut, denouncing Israel and the United States, some chanting, ”Destroy Tel Aviv, destroy Tel Aviv.” A few broke car windows and tried briefly to break into the main U.N. building until political leaders called for a halt to damage.
Lebanese Defense Minister Elias Murr questioned Israel’s claim that Hezbollah fired rockets from the village. ”What do you expect Israel to say? Will it say that it killed 40 children and women?” he told Al-Jazeera television.
Qana, in the hills east of the southern port city of Tyre, has a bloody history. In 1996, Israeli artillery killed more than 100 civilians who had taken refuge at a U.N. base in the village. That attack sparked an international outcry that helped end an Israeli offensive.
The attack drew swift condemnation from several world leaders.
French President Jacques Chirac’s office said ”France condemns this unjustifiable action, which shows more than ever the need to move toward an immediate cease-fire, without which other such dramas can only be repeated.”
Jordan’s King Abdullah II condemned ”the ugly crime perpetrated by Israeli forces in Qana,” calling it ”a blatant violation of the law and all international conventions.”
Lebanese civilians have suffered the most from the fighting. Before Sunday’s attack, Lebanese officials said 458 Lebanese had been killed, most of them civilians. Thirty-three Israeli soldiers have died, and Hezbollah rocket attacks on northern Israel have killed 19 civilians.
Fighting also broke out between guerrillas and Israeli soldiers in a zone called the Taibeh Project area, about 2 miles inside Lebanon. The Israeli army said one soldier was moderately wounded. Hezbollah’s al-Manar TV claimed two Israeli soldiers were killed.
Heavy artillery rained down on the villages of Yuhmor and Arnoun, close to Taibeh. In northern Israel, rockets fell on Nahariya, Kiryat Shemona and an area close to Maalot, the army said.
Israel has said it would launch a series of limited ground incursions into Lebanon to push back guerrillas, rather than carry out a full-fledged invasion. Israeli troops pulled back Saturday from the town of Bint Jbail, suggesting the thrust, launched a week ago, had halted.
But Lebanese officials reported a massing of troops and 12 tanks near the Israeli town of Metulla further to the northeast, on the tip of the Galilee Panhandle near the Golan Heights, suggesting another incursion could begin soon.
”I think it needs to be clear that Israel is not in a hurry to have a cease-fire before we reach a situation in which we can say that we achieved the central goals that we set down for ourselves,” Olmert said Sunday before his weekly Cabinet meeting.
France circulated a draft Security Council resolution on Saturday among the other 14 council members. It would call for an immediate halt to fighting between Israel and Hezbollah and seek a wide new buffer zone in south Lebanon monitored by international forces and the Lebanese army.
British Foreign Secretary Margaret Beckett said strike on Qana was a ”tragedy for the people affected,” especially so since negotiators had been close to reaching ”the basis for a cease-fire.”
She said the U.N. resolution was no longer on track to being reached by Monday or Tuesday. ”We need to go back and pick up the pieces,” Beckett told Sky News.
But she stopped short of calling for a cease-fire. ”We have repeatedly called on the Israelis to act proportionately,” Beckett said.
A peace package Rice brought to the region called for a U.N.-mandated multinational force that can help stabilize in the region, according to a U.S. official speaking on condition of anonymity because of the sensitive nature of the discussions.
It also proposes: disarming Hezbollah and integrating the guerrilla force into the Lebanese army; Hezbollah’s return of Israeli prisoners; a buffer zone in southern Lebanon to put Hezbollah rockets out of range of Israel; a commitment to resolve the status of a piece of land held by Israel and claimed by Lebanon; and the creation of an international reconstruction plan for Lebanon.
The latter two provisions resembled parts of a proposal by Lebanon’s government. But they fell short of Hezbollah’s demands, including a prisoner swap to free Lebanese held for years in Israeli prisons and the disputed land, known as Chebaa farms, put under U.N. supervision until its status can be resolved.